Accession Number : AD1017027

Title :   Biomechanics of Head, Neck, and Chest Injury Prevention for Soldiers: Phase 2 and 3

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,28 Sep 2010,27 Sep 2016

Corporate Author : Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Blacksburg United States

Personal Author(s) : Duma,Stefan M ; Kemper,Andrew ; Rowson,Steve ; Stitzel,Joel ; Weaver,Ashley ; Brown,Philip ; Alphonse,Vanessa

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Aug 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 213

Abstract : This is the final report for the cooperative agreement between the Virginia Tech Wake Forest University, Center for Injury Biomechanics and the U.S. Army entitled Biomechanics of Head, Neck, and Chest Injury Prevention for Soldiers. This final report includes activities performed between October27, 2015 and May 27, 2016. Task 1.2 details the development of a new biofidelic eye, with area sensing capabilities, for the Facial and Ocular CountermeasUre Safety (FOCUS) head form that can assess injury risk in both blunt and blast loading scenarios. Task 1.3 details the experimental blast overpressure testing performed on porcine eyes and the computational modeling efforts performed to assess eye injury risk due to blast overpressure loading. Task 1.3.1 details the research performed to improve the understanding of the biomechanics of the head and brain. Task 2.3 details the computational modeling efforts conducted to evaluate the response of the cervical spine and the effects of cervical arthrodesis and arthroplasty during simulated automobile collisions and rotary-wing aircraft impacts. This section also details the progress made on the development of a testing apparatus to evaluate cervical spine implants in survivable loading scenarios. Task 4.3 provides details on the National Research Symposium on Military Biomechanics that is hosted by the Virginia Tech Wake Forest University, Center for Injury Biomechanics annually in accordance with this cooperative agreement. Finally, the Dissemination of Knowledge section provides a list of all of the papers that have been published as a result of the research that was performed under this cooperative agreement, as well as the publication plan for additional publications. To date, this research has yielded nine (n=9) refereed publications and six (n=6) conference publications.

Descriptors :   biomechanics , Blast loads , wounds and injuries , eye , brain , military medicine , INJURY PREVENTION , SPINE , computerized simulation , military personnel , scenarios , OVERPRESSURE , physiological effects , safety , HEAD ANATOMY

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE