Accession Number : AD1015551

Title :   Iran: Politics, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : Congressional Research Service Washington United States

Personal Author(s) : Katzman,Kenneth

Full Text :

Report Date : 19 Aug 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 59

Abstract : Since the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979, a priority of U.S. policy has been primarily to reduce the perceived threat posed by Iran to a broad range of U.S. interests, including the security of the Persian Gulf region. U.S. officials also express a broad range of concerns about Irans human rights abuses. The implementation of a July 14, 2015, Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) nuclear agreement between Iran and six negotiating powers appeared to represent an opportunity to reduce the long-standing U.S.-Iran enmity and construct a new relationship. During the 1980s and 1990s, U.S. officials identified Irans support for militant Middle East groups as the primary threat posed by Iran to U.S. interests and allies. Irans nuclear program took precedence in U.S. policy after 2002 as the program expanded and the chances that Iran could develop a nuclear weapon increased. In 2010, the United States orchestrated broad international economic pressure on Iran to persuade it to agree to strict limits on the program. The pressure might have contributed to the June 2013 election of the relatively moderate Hassan Rouhani as president of Iran, whose government subsequently negotiated a November 2013 interim nuclear agreement and then the JCPOA. The JCPOA, which began formal implementation on January 16, 2016, exchanged broad sanctions relief for nuclear program limits intended to give the international community confidence that Iran would require at least a year to produce a nuclear weapon if it decided to do so.

Descriptors :   iran , international relations , united states , foreign policy , terrorists , weapons of mass destruction , agreements , political systems , warfare , naval operations , military organizations , minority groups , nuclear materials , national security

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE