Accession Number : AD1015104


Title :   A Brief Survey of Democracy Promotion in U.S. Foreign Policy


Descriptive Note : OSTP Journal Article


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE ACADEMY COLORADO SPRINGS CO COLORADO SPRINGS United States


Personal Author(s) : Fowler,Michael


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1015104.pdf


Report Date : 01 Mar 2014


Pagination or Media Count : 26


Abstract : Democracy promotion is a popular tool for US national strategy. Of course, it is not a new tool. Throughout the 19th century, US foreign policy used a form of passive democracy promotion, rooted in John Quincy Adams' concept of the beacon on the hill. In this context, America was the shining light: a model of excellence for others to follow if and when they so choose. Official government efforts were limited to expressions of moral support. In contemporary parlance, early America used soft power to promote democracy. As the United States entered the international scene at the dawn of the 20th century, the United States began democracy promotion via hard power; actively expending government resources with the intent of improving the level of democracy in a country. The means of democracy promotion (i.e., rhetoric, economic aid, and military intervention) varied over the years. As national security objectives changed within and between presidential administrations, the ways and means of democracy promotion were fine tuned in an attempt to align with changing objectives.


Descriptors :   national politics , political systems , national security , governments , international organizations , public policy , foreign policy , foreign relations , intergovernmental organizations , economic sanctions , international security , political science , foreign aid , human rights , treaties


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE