Accession Number : AD1013288


Title :   3-Dimensional Reproducibility of Natural Head Position


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Uniformed Services University Of The Health Sciences Bethesda United States


Personal Author(s) : Weber,Diana


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1013288.pdf


Report Date : 12 Apr 2012


Pagination or Media Count : 79


Abstract : During orthodontic treatment, photographs or radiographs of patients are typically utilized to evaluate soft tissue growth and treatment change. As a means of assessing these changes, direct superimposition of images taken at different time points is traditionally accomplished. This study was accomplished in order to determine the reliability of using True Sagittal, Coronal and Frontal reference planes for image superimposition, based on a patients Natural Head Position (NHP). The study was designed to evaluate the reproducibility of NHP over time in all planes of space using three-dimensional imaging. It was hypothesized that a patients NHP is reproducible in the Sagittal, Coronal and Frontal dimensions over time. Methods and Materials: The experimental design included 28 adult subjects, 18-40 years of age. Two fixed laser lines (iCAT , Imaging Sciences International, Hatfield, PA), oriented horizontally and vertically, were used as a reference to record NHP after a patient was asked to look into their own eyes in a mirror and assume a stable position after a series of oscillations. The patients NHP was recorded using semi-permanent markers (Sharpie, Newell Rubbermaid Office Products, Oak Brook, IL) placed on four points, coincident within the laser lines, on the head for registration. Using a 3-dimensional camera system (3dMD, Atlanta, GA), photographs were taken to capture the orientation of the respective points. By superimposing each of the five photographs on stable anatomic surfaces, changes in the position of the markers were recorded and then assessed for parallelism using 3dMDvultus (3dMD, Atlanta GA) and Dolphin ImagingTM (Dolphin Imaging and Management Solutions, Chatsworth, CA) software packages. These systems allowed for quantification of angular differences. One subject was used to verify the reproducibility of the method and angles were calculated ten times at each time point and in all three angles.


Descriptors :   HEAD (ANATOMY) , IMAGING TECHNIQUES , computer programs , soft tissues , ORTHODONTICS


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology
      Photography
      Computer Programming and Software


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE