Accession Number : AD1012732


Title :   Hedonic Predictors of Tobacco Dependence: A Puff Guide to Smoking Cessation


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Uniformed Services University Of The Health Sciences Bethesda United States


Personal Author(s) : Meloscia,Chantal E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1012732.pdf


Report Date : 07 Apr 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 74


Abstract : Cigarette smoking remains the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Here we examined the clinical relevance of pleasurable effects (liking) of cigarette smoking. Smokers (N=268) enrolled in a smoking cessation study were followed from two weeks pre-quit through four weeks post-quit. At each pre-quit session, participants smoked a cigarette. After each of the first seven puffs, they rated puff liking (1-7 scale). After the cigarette, participants also rated their overall liking for the cigarette. Participants who reported higher puff liking ratings were more likely to relapse during the first week (OR=1.45, 95% Cls = 1.07 - 1.97, p = .02). Liking ratings from the most preferred puff (peak) were more strongly related to retrospective liking ratings and dependence scores than liking ratings from a random puff. Interventions that attenuate the acute subjective pleasurable effects of cigarette smoking, particularly peak ratings, may facilitate smoking cessation.


Descriptors :   Tobacco smoking , Nicotine , PUBLIC HEALTH , Smoke


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE