Accession Number : AD1011859

Title :   Determination of Selenium Toxicity for Survival and Reproduction of Enchytraeid Worms in a Sandy Loam Soil

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jul 2002,01 May 2006

Corporate Author : Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center Aberdeen Proving Ground

Personal Author(s) : Kuperman,Roman G ; Checkai,Ronald T ; Simini,Michael ; Phillips,Carlton T ; Higashi,Richard M ; Fan,Teresa W ; Sappington,Keith

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Jul 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 30

Abstract : We investigated toxicity of selenium (Se) to the soil invertebrate potworm Enchytraeus crypticus using the Enchytraeid Reproduction Test (ISO 16387; International Organization for Standardization; Geneva, Switzerland, 2004). Studies were designed to generate ecotoxicological benchmarks for developing the ecological soil screening levels (Eco-SSLs) for risk assessments of contaminated soils. For the present study, we selected aerobic upland soil Sassafras sandy loam (SSL), with soil characteristics (low levels of clay and organic matter, soil pH adjusted high) that support high relative bioavailability of the anionic Se species typically found in soil. Se was amended into SSL soil as sodium selenate. While under ambient greenhouse conditions, the amended SSL soil was subjected to weathering-and-aging by 21 d of alternating cycles of air-drying and rehydration to 6075% of the soil water-holding capacity. Se concentrations that produced 20 and 50% decreases in reproduction for Se weathered-and-aged in SSL soil compared to control response (EC20 and EC50 values, respectively) were 4.4 and 6.2 mg/kg, respectively. Toxicity benchmarks established in the present study have been submitted to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Eco-SSL Workgroup, and the EC20 value was used in developing soil invertebrate-based Eco-SSL for Se.

Descriptors :   toxicity tests , Loams , artificial soils , public health , environmental protection , chemical analysis , tnt , energetic materials , statistical analysis , surveys , dielectric gases , Chemical contamination , ecology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE