Accession Number : AD1010642

Title :   Primary and Secondary Vestibular Connections in the Brain Stem and Cerebellum: An Axoplasmic Transport Study in the Monkey and Cat

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : Uniformed Services University Of The Health Sciences Bethesda United States

Personal Author(s) : Carleton,Steven C

Full Text :

Report Date : 25 Aug 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 153

Abstract : The projections of the vestibular ganglion were explored in the monkey by anterograde transport of tritiated amino acids from the labyrinth. The central connections of the principal vestibular nuclei (VN) were studied by retrograde and anterograde axoplasmic transport technics in the monkey and cat. Primary vestibular fibers terminate in virtually all parts of the superior (SVN) and medial vestibular nuclei (MVN). Projections to the inferior vestibular nucleus (IVN) terminate in all areas except cell group f, while peripheral inputs to the lateral vestibular nucleus (LVN) are restricted to its ventral part. Of the small cell groups associated with the VN, only the interstitial nucleus of the vestibular nerve and cell group y receive primary vestibular fibers. Primary vestibular fibers project beyond the VN to terminate in the ipsilateral accessory cuneate nucleus, subtrigeminal lateral reticular nucleus and reticular formation (RF). Primary vestibulocerebellar projections terminate as mossy fibers in the ipsilateral nodulus, uvula, flocculus, lingula and deep folia of vermal lobules V and VI; no primary fibers terminate in the fastigial nuclei (FN). The most impressive central afferents to the VN are commissural projections from the contralateral MVN, SVN, IVN and cell group y. Other brain stem afferents are derived from the perihypoglossal nuclei (PH), the interstitial nucleus of Cajal (INC), the visceral nuclei of the oculomotor nuclear complex (OMC) and the RF. Spinovestibular projections arise from the contralateral central cervical nucleus (CCN). Cerebellovestibular projections differ for LVN, IVN and MVN. LVN receives cortical inputs from the ipsilateral anterior lobe vermis, and bilateral projections from rostral FN. IVN receives fewer fibers from the anterior lobe, but has substantial inputs from the nodulus, uvula and middle portions of FN. MVN receives cortical projections primarily from the ipsilateral flocculus.

Descriptors :   Brain stem , cerebellum , monkeys , cats , amino acids , Nuclei (Biology) , spinal cord

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE