Accession Number : AD1010551


Title :   Deradicalization or Disengagement : A Framework for Encouraging Jihad Abandonment


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,27 Jul 2015,10 Jun 2016


Corporate Author : NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV NORFOLK VA NORFOLK United States


Personal Author(s) : Hayter,Christopher N


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1010551.pdf


Report Date : 10 Jun 2016


Pagination or Media Count : 60


Abstract : State responses to trans-national terrorism have long included law enforcement, the military, and intelligence services. Only recently have soft power elements been brought to bear to encourage jihad abandonment. Several nations implement a variety of deradicalization or disengagement programs aimed at preventing future attacks, either by convincing a radical to abandon his or her radical ideology (de-radicalize) or merely to abstain from future attacks (disengage). Though individual program results vary, and measuring success for an ideological concept such as de-radicalization is problematic, graduates of these programs have low recidivism rates. This thesis analyzes established de-radicalization/disengagement programs, identifies elements that make them successful, and provides recommendations for a framework for a United States-sponsored de-radicalization/disengagement program, domestically and with partner nations overseas.


Descriptors :   terrorism , counterterrorism , islam , Ideology , case studies , Counseling , Saudi Arabia , Germany , Family members , diplomacy , monitoring , terrorists


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE