Accession Number : AD1007762

Title :   Exosomes in Development and Therapy of Malignant Mesothelioma

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Sep 2014,31 Aug 2015

Corporate Author : University of Vermont Burlington United States

Personal Author(s) : Shukla,Arti

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Sep 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : Exosomes are tiny vesicles that carry information from one body cell type to another. We proposed that exosomes released from epithelial cells or macrophages in response to asbestos exposure can carry the information to mesothelial cells enabling the development of malignant mesothelioma (MM). We also hypothesized that exosomes released from primary MM tumors may contribute to growth and metastasis of primary tumors. Our work so far demonstrated that exosomes released from asbestos-exposed epithelial cells carry a different proteomic signature than exosomes from unexposed epithelial cells. Fluorescent-labelled exosomes injected into the tail vein of mice showed the presence of exosomes from asbestos-exposed epithelial cells into omentum, whereas exosomes from unexposed cells were not found in the omentum. This significant finding shows that exosomes released from asbestos-exposed epithelial cells carry a specific signature that leads them into mesothelial cells (omentum). Presently we are studying the effect of exosomes from asbestos-exposed epithelial cells in transformation of mesothelial cells, a process that may lead to MM. We also examined exosomes secreted from primary MM cells in mice, and found no significant effect of these exosomes on MM tumor growth and metastasis in this short term experiment.

Descriptors :   asbestos , signs and symptoms , cells (biology) , neoplasms , metastasis , macrophages , lung , epithelial cells , proteins , therapeutics , biological markers

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE