Accession Number : AD1006300

Title :   Development of a Novel Method to Detect Prostate Cancer Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) Based on Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Biology

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,10 Sep 2014,09 Sep 2015

Corporate Author : Duke University Durham United States

Personal Author(s) : Armstrong,Andrew J

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Dec 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 96

Abstract : The purpose of this DOD NIA is to develop a novel method to detect circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from men with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) based on a range of CTC phenotypes. The novel method employs a nanoparticle polymersome that contains near-infrared emissive porphyrins and permits antibody conjugation for target engagement and flow sorting in the infrared spectrum for specificity. We are developing near infrared emissive polymersomes (NIR-EPs) that contain antibodies to EpCAM, Ncadherin,OB-cadherin, and PSMA which permit the isolation and enumeration ev vivo of CTCs bearing these antigens in the circulation of men with CRPC. These specialized CTC detection nanoparticles permit the isolation of specific CTC phenotypes including epithelial,mesenchymal, and prostate cancer specific targets. In year 3 we have continued to optimize the methodology and chemistry for the creation of these NIR-EPs, including chemical synthesis, antibody conjugation, optimal reagents and processing, positive and negative control cellapplications, and methods for red cell lysis, leukocyte depletion, and flow sorting of CTCs in the infrared spectrum. Challenges have included specificity due to antibody affinity during conjugation. This work in the Therien laboratory provides a potential clinical grade reagent for the ex vivo capture and identification of CTCs without binding to leukocytes nonspecifically.

Descriptors :   Prostate Cancer , cells(biology) , metastasis , nanoparticles , antibodies

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE