Accession Number : AD1003127

Title :   BioAir: Bio-Inspired Airborne Infrastructure Reconfiguration

Descriptive Note : Conference Paper

Corporate Author : Air Force Research Laboratory/RITF ROME United States

Personal Author(s) : Muccio,Michael ; Turck,Kurt ; Ryu,Bo ; Ranasinghe,Nadeesha ; Shen,Wei-Min

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Jan 2016

Pagination or Media Count : 7

Abstract : Maintaining constant communication between mobile entities distributed across a large geographical area is a crucial task for many commercial and military applications. For example when troops are deployed in hostile or sensor deprived environments, maintaining radio contact with a base station would increase the efficiency of coordinating the deployment, yet maintaining communications should not interfere with the primary tasks of these entities. The BioAIR system was developed to coordinate airborne communication nodes such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in order to autonomously form and maintain a dynamic communication network. This system draws upon inspirations from biological cell differentiation through hormone based communication to coordinate a swarm of airborne nodes in a distributed manner by mapping the radio signals into digital hormones. BioAIR offers three primary capabilities, namely collaborative communication, sensing and navigation. BioAIR performs collaborative communication by autonomously creating a mobile ad-hoc network. This network connects several designated nodes by strategically positioning other nodes based on the desired communication signal quality between them. BioAIR performs collaborative sensing by autonomously reinforcing critical locations based on network traffic, detecting any damage to the formed network, and self-repairing. Additionally, BioAIR can coordinate the sensing effort of possibly heterogeneous sensors distributed amongst all nodes in the network to form a distributed sensor network. BioAIR performs collaborative navigation by following the motion of designated nodes while maintaining the formed communication network, provided that the nodes can react fast enough.

Descriptors :   WANs (Wireless ad hoc networks , UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES , COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS , Communication and radio systems , COMMUNICATION NETWORKS , Decentralization , robots , WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS , WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS , Biomimetics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE