Accession Number : AD1002549

Title :   Improving Understanding of the Fate and Transport of Munitions Constituents to Enhance Sustainability of Operational Ranges

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jun 2009,31 Dec 2014

Corporate Author : University of Delaware Newark United States

Personal Author(s) : Allen,Herbert E ; DiToro,Dominic M ; Kuo,Dave T ; Forero,Rosalina G ; Michelson,Kyle ; Miglino,Andrew ; Checkai,Ronald T ; Kuperman,Roman ; Simini,Michael ; Hawari,Jalal

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 May 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 221

Abstract : The objective was to develop models supported by appropriate data. The project team generated data and developed a model for the kinetics of adsorption and desorption of 2,4-dinitrotoluene and nitroglycerin to and from the nitrocellulose matrix itself. Additionally, they developed a model for the partitioning of RDX, HMX, TNT, nitroglycerin, 2,4-dinitrotoluene, and nitroguanadine and mixtures of these munitions constituents to soils of varying physical/chemical characteristics. They developed and used a chemical probe to determine the magnitude of clay mineral binding sites and ascertained the soil composition responsible for irreversible binding. They modeled the results using polyparameter partitioning models, and models for irreversible bonding using soils spanning a variety of properties including soils typical of those found at operational ranges. They provided initial validation of the models developed in this project by comparing model results to those determined in soil column studies.

Descriptors :   kinetics , hysteresis , munitions , transport , nitroglycerin , nitroguanidine , nitrocellulose , Ranges(Facilities) , adsorption , desorption , soils , models , Soil pollution , Unexploded ammunition , explosives , water pollution

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE