Accession Number : AD1002549


Title :   Improving Understanding of the Fate and Transport of Munitions Constituents to Enhance Sustainability of Operational Ranges


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jun 2009,31 Dec 2014


Corporate Author : University of Delaware Newark United States


Personal Author(s) : Allen,Herbert E ; DiToro,Dominic M ; Kuo,Dave T ; Forero,Rosalina G ; Michelson,Kyle ; Miglino,Andrew ; Checkai,Ronald T ; Kuperman,Roman ; Simini,Michael ; Hawari,Jalal


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1002549.pdf


Report Date : 01 May 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 221


Abstract : The objective was to develop models supported by appropriate data. The project team generated data and developed a model for the kinetics of adsorption and desorption of 2,4-dinitrotoluene and nitroglycerin to and from the nitrocellulose matrix itself. Additionally, they developed a model for the partitioning of RDX, HMX, TNT, nitroglycerin, 2,4-dinitrotoluene, and nitroguanadine and mixtures of these munitions constituents to soils of varying physical/chemical characteristics. They developed and used a chemical probe to determine the magnitude of clay mineral binding sites and ascertained the soil composition responsible for irreversible binding. They modeled the results using polyparameter partitioning models, and models for irreversible bonding using soils spanning a variety of properties including soils typical of those found at operational ranges. They provided initial validation of the models developed in this project by comparing model results to those determined in soil column studies.


Descriptors :   kinetics , hysteresis , munitions , transport , nitroglycerin , nitroguanidine , nitrocellulose , Ranges(Facilities) , adsorption , desorption , soils , models , Soil pollution , Unexploded ammunition , explosives , water pollution


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE