Accession Number : AD1001835

Title :   Reshaping the All-Volunteer Force of the United States to Increase its Utility: A Reassessment of Over Forty Years of Experience

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,24 Jul 2014,21 Jun 2015

Corporate Author : US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States

Personal Author(s) : Schulte, Walter H

Full Text :

Report Date : 23 May 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 102

Abstract : This monograph reassesses over forty years of development of the All-Volunteer army and analyzes how it could be reshaped to improve its utility in the twenty-first century. It shows, that the army as an All-Volunteer Force was optimized solely for kinetic and decisive operations due to a focus on narrow 'military professionalism' that gravitates around managing and applying violence. Consequently, the army was able to prove its utility in scenarios of limited complexity where it was able to achieve prompt and decisive results. Its employment in more complex environments brought mixed results at best. As a consequence, the army needs to adopt a more comprehensive concept of military professionalism defined as the managing of security. The army also has to acknowledge, that, as a professional organization, it incorporates the elements of calling, profession and occupation holistically without contradictions. This concept far better reflects the army's broad set of capabilities and individual diversity. It will positively affect its ability to successfully operate in complex environments and, with convincing messaging, appeal to a bigger number of potential high-quality volunteers. The army will also continue to redesign its 'Total Force' concept to achieve the right mix between the active and the reserve components as well as the delineation of their tasks within the concept of an 'expansible army.' In addition, a true 'Total Force' concept will have to include the element of private contracting and clarify its future role. To ensure access to civilian expertise that was severely lacking in recent operations, the army will have to define its requirements in this regard so that the US government can develop an approach to 'draft' those experts from state or federal public service into the army should it be necessary for operational success.


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE