Accession Number : AD1001761


Title :   Operational Risk Defined Through a Complex Operating Environment


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jun 2014,01 May 2015


Corporate Author : US Army School for Advanced Military Studies Fort Leavenworth United States


Personal Author(s) : Pattay, Jeffrey B


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1001761.pdf


Report Date : 26 Feb 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 50


Abstract : Military operations occur in complex operating environments. Commanders evaluate options based on capabilities and limitations of available resources. Planners identify elements of risk that the commander must assume in order to produce positive results and set conditions which enable a future desired state. Doctrine, however, does not currently provide a definition for risk at the operational level of war. Operational risk must identify factors that threaten or compromise linking tactical actions towards strategic goals. The definitions and guidance provided by joint doctrine to commanders and staff fail to meet the effort dedicated in planning to properly addressing risk. A proper assessment and definition of operational risk should address the twelve principles of joint operations: Objective, Offensive, Mass, Maneuver, Economy of Force, Unity of Command, Security, Surprise, Simplicity, Restraint, Perseverance, and Legitimacy. This argument defines operational risk as any environmental, institutional, or social impediment to the principles of joint operations that disrupt tactical actions from achieving military objectives.


Descriptors :   Military operations , risk management , doctrine , military tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE