Accession Number : AD1001600

Title :   Cyanide Antidotes for Mass Casualties: Comparison of Intramuscular Injector by Autoinjector, Intraosseous Injection, and Inhalational Delivery

Descriptive Note : Technical Report,26 Sep 2012,25 Sep 2015

Corporate Author : University of California San Diego United States

Personal Author(s) : Boss,Gerry R

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Dec 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 57

Abstract : Current antidotes for cyanide poisoning must be administered by intravenous injection, which would not be practical for treating mass casualties as could occur in a major industrial accident or a terrorist attack. Thus, a need exists for alternative modes of administering cyanide antidotes, and we compared three different administration modes: intramuscular injection, intraosseous injection, and inhalational delivery. We found that all three modes can rescue animals from exposure to lethal cyanide doses. As part of these studies, we tested three new cyanide antidotes that are under development: cobinamide, dimethyltrisulfide, and sulfanegen.

Descriptors :   ANTIDOTES

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE