Accession Number : AD1001485

Title :   Blood-feeding Behaviors of Anopheles stephensi But Not Phlebotomus papatasi are Influenced by Actively Warming Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus) Under General Anesthesia

Descriptive Note : Journal Article

Corporate Author : Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Silver Spring

Personal Author(s) : Buchta,Jessica N ; Zarndt,Bethany S ; Garver,Lindsey S ; Rowland,Tobin ; Shi,Meng ; Davidson,Silas A ; Rowton,Edgar D

Full Text :

Report Date : 01 Jan 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 7

Abstract : Animal models are often used to study hematophagous insect feeding behavior and evaluate products such as topical repellents. However, when these models are used the study animals often experience significant drops in core body temperature because of the effects of anesthesia. This study used a guinea pig model to investigate whether maintaining a normothermic core body temperature during anesthesia influenced the rate of Anopheles stephensi and Phlebotomus papatasi blood feeding. Experiments were conducted with anesthetized animals that had their body temperatures either maintained with a warming device or were allowed to drop naturally. Results showed that when guinea pigs were actively warmed by a heating device, An. stephensi feeding behavior was similar at the beginning and end of anesthesia. However, when a warming device was not used, fewer An. stephensi took a blood meal after the animals temperatures had dropped. Phlebotomus papatasi were not as sensitive to changes in temperature and feeding rates were similar whether a warming device was used or not. These results are discussed and it is recommended that warming devices are used when conducting feeding experiments with insects sensitive to changes in host body temperature, such as An. stephensi.

Descriptors :   anesthesia , laboratory animals , body temperature , insects

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE