Accession Number : AD1001464

Title :   Commanders' Responsibilities in the Operations Process During the 1864 Red River Expedition

Descriptive Note : Technical Report

Corporate Author : US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States

Personal Author(s) : Herbek,Michael J

Full Text :

Report Date : 21 May 2015

Pagination or Media Count : 61

Abstract : A commander has the responsibility to understand, visualize, describe, direct, lead, and assess his forces during the operations process. Failure to abide by any one of these responsibilities may lead to a disruption in operations. Failure to abide by every single one will lead to complete mission failure. In 1864, Union Major General Nathaniel P. Banks led his Army of the Gulf and all attachments to a political and military defeat in the Red River Valley. Ordered by President Abraham Lincoln to secure cotton and votes in Louisiana, Banks led his men on a two-month, ill-planned, and poorly executed campaign between Alexandria, Louisiana and Little Rock, Arkansas. Despite operating with a numerically superior force, Banks's inability to understand, visualize, describe, direct, lead, and assess his forces led to a major Union defeat, resulting in the unnecessary loss of men and equipment while setting back the Union Army's entire campaign to defeat the South.

Descriptors :   MILITARY COMMANDERS , LEADERSHIP , ARMY OPERATIONS , civil war(united states) , battles

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE