Accession Number : AD1001262


Title :   The Planner's Role in the Civil-Military Relationship: Syrian Crisis Action Planning (2011-2013)


Descriptive Note : Technical Report,01 Jun 2014,22 May 2015


Corporate Author : US Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth United States


Personal Author(s) : Carmody,Sean T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1001262.pdf


Report Date : 22 May 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 66


Abstract : Crisis action planning (CAP) is the military process for resolving imminent and emerging crises. CAP activities require the interaction and collaboration of numerous echelons to provide military and whole-of-government options to the National Command Authority for consideration. The interactions of CAP directly test and influence the nature of US civil-military relations. Syrian CAP from 2011-2013 presents a contemporary case for study. Analysis of the case reveals the relationship that military planners and commanders have with developing and implementing policy options while engaging in civil-military relations. As the conflict simmered and became more volatile, the US government expended increasing energy to understand the environment and problem while searching for solutions. The planning efforts evolved over time, and, as dialogue improved, organizations overcame bureaucracy to build consensus. Throughout the period, evaluations of options never resulted in military intervention. Instead, the US government applied instruments of national power in discrete ways for limited ends focused on symptoms of the conflict. This monograph concludes that the essential activities for military planners and leadership to support crisis planning include cultivating appropriate authorities and relationships, clarifying roles and expectations, assimilating strategic and regional contexts, and creating shared understanding of the character of the conflict.


Descriptors :   MILITARY PLANNING , INTERAGENCY COORDINATION , SYRIA , military forces(united states) , united states government


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE