Accession Number : AD1000326


Title :   Election Verifiability: Cryptographic Definitions and an Analysis of Helios and JCJ


Descriptive Note : Technical Report


Corporate Author : Cornell University Ithaca


Personal Author(s) : Smyth,Ben ; Frink,Steven ; Clarkson,Michael R


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1000326.pdf


Report Date : 06 Aug 2015


Pagination or Media Count : 36


Abstract : Definitions of election verifiability in the computational model of cryptography are proposed. The definitions formalize notions of voters verifying their own votes, auditors verifying the tally of votes, and auditors verifying that only eligible voters vote. The Helios (Adida et al., 2009) and JCJ(Juels et al., 2010) election schemes are analyzed using these definitions. Helios 4.0 satisfies the definitions, but Helios 2.0 does not because of previously known attacks. JCJ does not satisfy the definitions because of a trust assumption it makes, but it does satisfy a weakened definition. Two previous definitions of verifiability (Juels et al., 2010; Cortier et al., 2014) are shown to permit election schemes vulnerable to attacks, whereas the new definitions prohibit those schemes.


Descriptors :   elections , cryptography , verification


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE