Accession Number : AD0862075


Title :   Toxicology of Riot Control Chemicals - CS, CN and DM


Descriptive Note : Technical rept. Apr 1965-Jul 1968


Corporate Author : EDGEWOOD ARSENAL ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD


Personal Author(s) : McNamara, B P ; Owens, E J ; Weimer, J T ; Ballard, T A ; Vocci, F J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/862075.pdf


Report Date : Nov 1969


Pagination or Media Count : 79


Abstract : The report summarizes information on the physiological and toxicological effects of three riot control agents: CS, o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile; CN, chloroacetophenone; and DM, dimethyl aminochloroarsine. Included in the report is a review of the toxicity tests conducted on the old compounds CN and DM by various organizations from 1918 to the present, and on CS from 1958 to the present. Detailed results of experiments conducted by various methods on animals of several species are given. Based on the animal experiments, estimates are given for lethal doses in man. Incapacitating doses are determined and reported on the basis of tolerance times of volunteers exposed to aerosols of the three compounds. Safety factors, derived from ratios of estimated lethal doses to incapacitating doses, are reported for the three compounds.


Descriptors :   *IRRITATING AGENTS , *CS AGENTS , *TEAR GAS , RATS , TOXICITY , LETHAL DOSAGE , RABBITS , NONLETHAL AGENTS


Subject Categories : Toxicology
      Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE