Accession Number : AD0712762


Title :   WHAT IF UTILITY FUNCTIONS DO NOT EXIST


Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA


Personal Author(s) : Roberts, Fred S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/712762.pdf


Report Date : Sep 1970


Pagination or Media Count : 35


Abstract : The document discusses alternatives to the strict decisionmaking goal of ranking all alternatives or, equivalently, obtaining a utility function. For many military problems, the best information available is the combined judgements of experts. Often, however, the preferences of decisionmakers are too inconsistent or ambiguous to permit a complete ranking of alternatives or a utility function. Optional methods for dealing with such a situation include finding a procedure through which preferences can be modified to obtain a utility function; using the utility assignment that best approximates a utility function; or modifying the demands on utility functions. The study emphasizes the third alternative, and describes it in terms of techniques from the theory of measurement, recently developed by behavioral scientists, that facilitate decisionmaking where no utility functions exist.


Descriptors :   *DECISION MAKING , *MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL , BEHAVIOR , DECISION THEORY , FUNCTIONS(MATHEMATICS) , MATHEMATICAL MODELS , MILITARY OPERATIONS , OPERATIONS RESEARCH , SUBSTITUTES


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Operations Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE