Accession Number : AD0479646


Title :   FACTORS AFFECTING THE RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF INFORMATION UTILITY SCALES,


Corporate Author : HRB-SINGER INC STATE COLLEGE PA


Personal Author(s) : McKendry, James M ; Enderwick, Thomas P


Report Date : Feb 1966


Pagination or Media Count : 57


Abstract : This paper summarizes results of two experiments: In the first, 64 Ss were used to appraise affects of (1) two levels of rater experience, and (2) two variations in the complexity of information to be evaluated on the reliability and validity of different types of information utility scales. In the second, 80 Ss were used in an incomplete replication study which focused on clarifying and extending findings of the first experiment. The testing situation in each case was an anti-submarine warfare (ASW) game in which Ss rated the value of four 'intelligence bulletins' both before and after playing the game using some of the information to be evaluated. Half of the Ss rated the value of four 'simple' bulletins, each of which contained a single item of information. The remaining half evaluated four 'complex' bulletins, each of which contained a different combination of the four single items taken three at a time.


Descriptors :   *WAR GAMES , *ANTISUBMARINE WARFARE , DECISION MAKING , DECISION MAKING , MEASUREMENT , RELIABILITY , PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , MILITARY INTELLIGENCE , KILL PROBABILITIES , STATISTICAL ANALYSIS , REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY) , OPERATIONS RESEARCH , SUBMARINES , DISPLAY SYSTEMS , GAME THEORY , REASONING , INFORMATION THEORY , EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN


Subject Categories : Operations Research
      Undersea and Antisubmarine Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE