Accession Number : AD0465331


Title :   THERMAL EFFECTS ON CELLULOSIC MATERIALS


Corporate Author : FOREST SERVICE WASHINGTON DC


Personal Author(s) : Fons, W L ; Butler, C P ; Bruce, H D


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/465331.pdf


Report Date : 12 Mar 1959


Pagination or Media Count : 32


Abstract : The project had as its primary objectives the determination of (1) the minimum thermal-ignition energies for fine kindling fuels and (2) the depth of char in wood as a check on equations developed from laboratory data obtained with a carbon arc. Test specimens of alpha-cellulose paper of various thicknesses, densities, and carbon contents; six common kindling fuels (cotton denim, rayon cloth, newspaper, pine needles, dry grass, and corrugated fiberboard); and three species of wood (maple, willow, balsa) were exposed to the radiation from Shot Cherokee at Sites Dog and George. The specimens were exposed to thermal radiation directly and, also, behind attenuating screens of different transmissions. For different moisture contents, part of the specimens were in containers vented to the atmosphere and part in moisture-proof containers containing a desiccant. Because the bomb burst was not directly over planned target zero, the direct radiation from the entire fireball entered the cells at an appreciable angle, irradiating only a small portion of each specimen at Site George and missing the specimens entirely at Site Dog. For this reason, the depths of char of the wood specimens were without significance. Data were obtained that permitted an estimate of the critical ignition energy for newspaper, pin needles, and ten of the black papers. Analysis of the black-paper data indicates that the minimum thermal energy causing ignition was increased by moisture content and density had more effect on the critical ignition energy of the thick papers than of the thin papers.


Descriptors :   *ORGANIC MATERIALS , *PAPER , *TEXTILES , *WOOD , COMBUSTION PRODUCTS , COTTON TEXTILES , DAMAGE , IGNITION , NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS , RADIATION EFFECTS , THERMAL RADIATION


Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE