Accession Number : AD0462101


Title :   COMMUNIST STRATEGY IN JAPAN, 1945-1960


Descriptive Note : Memorandum


Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA


Personal Author(s) : Swearingen, A R


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/462101.pdf


Report Date : Apr 1965


Pagination or Media Count : 421


Abstract : The objective of this Memorandum is to provide a case study of the policies, platforms, and techniques employed and problems encountered by a major Communist party in a highly critical area during the decade and a half from 1945 to 1960. It does not attempt to assess the current prospects for Communism in Japan, nor does it attempt to evaluate current Communist policies or practices in themselves, since much has happened since 1960 that bears heavily on such judgments. It is intended to provide historical perspective and background for such assessments. Because of the importance Communists everywhere attach to the labor movement and because the postwar labor scene in Japan has been as turbulent as it has been significant, special attention has been devoted to Communist efforts to use labor as a political weapon. The Memorandum falls into two parts. Part I is an analysis of the main lines of Communist theory, organization and action in Japan through the important Seventh Congress of the Japanese Communist Party in the summer of 1958. It is supplemented by a brief summary of developments during the next two years based largely on a White Paper published by the Japanese government in 1960, and on the author's on-the-spot discussions and observations. Part II is a translation of the Japanese government 1960 White Paper on Communism in Japan. This provides detail and data in depth on the strategy, tactics, organization, and operations of the JCP in the critical period immediately preceding the anti-Haggerty riots of the summer of 1960.


Descriptors :   *FOREIGN POLICY , *JAPAN , *COMMUNISM , POLITICAL SCIENCE , EDUCATION , CHINA , COMMUNISTS , LABOR UNIONS , LABOR , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , VULNERABILITY , POPULATION


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE