Accession Number : AD0462053


Title :   PROTECTION AFFORDED BY EXPERIMENTAL XXCC3-IMPREGNATED NAVY WORK/COMBAT CLOTHING WORN BY MEN EXPOSED TO MUSTARD VAPOR


Descriptive Note : Technical rept. Jun-Aug 1964


Corporate Author : CHEMICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LABS EDGEWOOD ARSENAL MD


Personal Author(s) : Oberst, Fred W ; Musselman, Nelson P ; Graf, Clyde H ; Trapp, George A ; Dawson, Paul B


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/462053.pdf


Report Date : Feb 1965


Pagination or Media Count : 29


Abstract : The protective effectiveness of Navy protective clothing (single- layer type) impregnated with XXCC3 was tested by exposing 10 men wearing the outfit in an atmosphere of mustard vapor (20 mg/cu m). Two men serving as controls wore the standard Army two-layer XXCC3-treated protective clothing and were exposed with the group. The men were exposed for 15 min on the first day, 30 min on the second day, after which the daily exposure time was 1 hr on the following 8 days. When mustard vapor penetrated the Navy clothing, erythema developed at the site of penetration within 24 hr after exposure. When this occurred, the affected subject was withdrawn from further exposure tests. Erythema was produced on nine of the ten men wearing Navy clothing exposed in the cumulative Ct range of 3,306 to 10,054 mg min/cu m, with corresponding cumulative exposure times varying between 2.75 and 8.35 hr. Most of the erythema occurred in the abdominal area. The remaining one Navy suit and the two control Army suits did not break during the 10 exposures totaling cumulative Ct's of 10, 500 mg min/cu m and 8.75 hr. The Navy clothing outfil required considerable care in size selection and adjustment on the wearers to assure the absence of gaps in protection over the forearms and around the waist. It is concluded that the experimental XXCC3-impregnated Navy work/combat clothing can be worn by men in mustard vapor for a cumulative Ct of 7,000 mg min/cu m (total time 6 hr) without incapacitating effects.


Descriptors :   *MUSTARD AGENTS , *PROTECTIVE CLOTHING , IMPREGNATION , SKIN(ANATOMY) , PENETRATION , HUMANS , PATHOLOGY


Subject Categories : Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare
      Protective Equipment


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE