Accession Number : AD0461362
Title : FUEL CELL CATALYSTS.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Dec 63-30 Nov 64,
Corporate Author : ENGELHARD INDUSTRIES INC EAST NEWARK NJ
Personal Author(s) : Adlhart, O. J.
Report Date : 30 NOV 1964
Pagination or Media Count : 101
Abstract : A research program is carried out on electrode catalysts for fuel cells employing liquid organic fuels. Complete oxidation of the fuel to carbon dioxide and water is required under expulsion of these products from the fuel cell. The electrolyte, therefore, must be of sufficient acidity to avoid retention of carbon dioxide. Work under this contract concerned the relationship between activity and structural factors of precious metal caralysts. Catalysts considered were platinum, iridium, rhodium, and platinum alloys with ruthenium, rhodium or iridium. Aside from intrinsic factors catalytic activity is related to the 'accessible surface' area. All variations of activity could be associated with the surface area development, and no other effect of primary crystallite size on activity found. Platinum-ruthenium alloys which have high surface areas and favorable pore structures exhibit markedly superior activity over platinum for the oxidation of methanol, ethane, propane and butene. Gas chromatographic measurements showed complete oxidation to carbon dioxide of ethane, propane and butene. With ethylene, however, a small amount of carbon monoxide was also formed. The catalytic metal may be diluted by supporting it on a suitable carrier which may increase activity and stability. A small particle size and low porosity of the carrier is desirable for improved mass transfer. (Author)
Descriptors : *THERMAL PROPERTIES , MEASUREMENT , STABILITY , ELECTROCHEMISTRY , FUELS , OXIDATION , ELECTRODES , HYDROCARBONS , ALCOHOLS , IRIDIUM ALLOYS , PLATINUM ALLOYS , RHODIUM ALLOYS , RUTHENIUM ALLOYS.
Subject Categories : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE