Accession Number : AD0454913


Title :   RESEARCH ON ORGANIC DEPOLARIZERS.


Descriptive Note : Final rept., 1 Jul 61-30 Jun 64,


Corporate Author : MONSANTO RESEARCH CORP EVERETT MASS


Personal Author(s) : Gruber,B A ; McElhill,E A ; Williams,D L


Report Date : 30 Jun 1964


Pagination or Media Count : 175


Abstract : About 200 organic compounds were tested as cathode materials. The results are tabulated for both experimental and theoretical coulombic capacities and for both load and open-circuit potentials. The best depolarizers generally belong to one of the following groups: nitro compounds (RNO2), positive halogen compounds (ROX and RNX), halogen addition compounds (R3NX2) or peroxides (ROOR). The positive halogen compounds and the halogen addition compounds discharge at high potentials with high efficiencies even at high drain rates. However, most positive halogen compounds have only limited stability in water. Certain peroxides have relatively high load potentials and are efficiently reduced, but their theoretical capacity is limited. Because of their high energy and coulombic capacity, nitro compounds were studied most intensively. (Author)


Descriptors :   *PRIMARY BATTERIES , POLARIZATION , ELECTROLYTES , PERCHLORATES , NITROBENZENES , CARBON BLACK , ACETATES , AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS , NITRATES , PHOSPHATES , BROMIDES , SODIUM COMPOUNDS , ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE , CATHODES , BROMINE COMPOUNDS , CHLORINE COMPOUNDS , IODINE COMPOUNDS , FLUORINE COMPOUNDS , PEROXIDES , SULFOXIDES , HYDROXIDES , ELECTROCHEMISTRY


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE