Accession Number : AD0454817


Title :   ANIONIC POLYMERIZATION OF ISOPRENE,


Corporate Author : NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA OTTAWA (ONTARIO) DIV OF APPLIED CHEMISTRY


Personal Author(s) : Worsfold,D J ; Bywater,S


Report Date : 08 Apr 1964


Pagination or Media Count : 9


Abstract : The polymerization of isoprene with butyllithium in cyclohexane has been studied. The initiation reaction was found to be complex; plots of conversion of butyllithium against time are sigmoidal. The order with respect to the initiator was found to be between one-half and one. The order of the isolated propagation reaction in polyisoprenyllithium was found to be one-quarter and was correlated with a fourfold association of active chain ends determined by dilute solution light-scattering measurements. The major effect of tetrahydrofuran on the reaction was the great increase of the initiation rate. The kinetic order changes slowly with the addition of small amounts of tetrahydrofuran, suggesting that the aggregates are broken down with difficulty. The microstructure of the polymer has been determined by n.m.r measurements and shows a steady transition from a largely 1:4 to a largely 3:4 structure as the polarity of the solvent is increased by the addition of tetrahydrofuran. (Author)


Descriptors :   *ISOPRENE , ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS , CATALYSTS , OXYGEN HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS , SOLVENTS , CYCLOHEXANES , VISIBLE SPECTRA , ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA , INFRARED SPECTRA , CANADA


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE