Accession Number : AD0442314


Title :   PERFORMANCE FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE ACQUISITION OF A PSYCHOLOGICAL ADVANTAGE IN COMPETITION,


Corporate Author : EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE PRINCETON NJ


Personal Author(s) : Myers, Albert E


Report Date : Jun 1964


Pagination or Media Count : 30


Abstract : The purpose of this experiment was to investigate psychological advantages in competitive encounters. Twenty Ss participated in four-man tournaments using shuffleboard bowling machines. By remote control, the experimenter was able to manipulate the scores. A 2 x 2 factorial design controlled for the mean performance (high vs. low) and the variability (high vs. low) of each S. It was found that the low mean Ss gained a psychological advantage in this situation which was characterized by a pessimistic outlook and poor strategy selection on the part of their opponents. (Author)


Descriptors :   *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS , PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , MOTIVATION , EXPERIMENTAL DATA , TABLES(DATA) , SOCIAL COMMUNICATION , PSYCHOMOTOR TESTS , CONTROL , GROUP DYNAMICS , GAME THEORY , DECISION MAKING


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE