Accession Number : AD0438821


Title :   ELECTROCHEMISTRY OF FUEL CELL ELECTRODES


Descriptive Note : Semi-annual technical summary rept. for period ending 30 Mar 1964


Corporate Author : TYCO LABS INC WALTHAM MA


Personal Author(s) : Makrides, A C


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/438821.pdf


Report Date : 30 Mar 1964


Pagination or Media Count : 17


Abstract : Using electrodes of varied chemical composition, we have attempted to show whether their catalytic properties depend primarily upon the intrinsic chemical activity of the individual surface atoms, or upon the energy states of the crystal as a whole. If this distinction can be made, and if quantitative correlations with the atomic or continuum properties can be established, then the design of fuel cell electrodes becomes enormously simplified. Hydrogen oxidation and reduction, the reduction of oxygen, and the oxidation of formic acid, a soluble organic substance, have been selected for these studies because of their relevance to fuel cell systems and because, of their relative simplicity. The electrodes used range from amalgams to III-V semiconducting compounds. The approach is to resolve the over-all reaction on any given electrode into the elementary steps of adsorption, electron transfer, chemical combination of free radicals, etc., and to determine how the parameters governing the rates of these various steps are related to the electrode composition and structure.


Descriptors :   *ELECTROCHEMISTRY , *ELECTRODES , *FUEL CELLS , ADSORPTION , ANTIMONY ALLOYS , ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS , ARSENIC COMPOUNDS , ARSENIDES , CARBOXYLIC ACIDS , CATALYSIS , GALLIUM , GOLD COMPOUNDS , HYDROGEN , INDIUM ALLOYS , MERCURY ALLOYS , OXIDATION REDUCTION REACTIONS , OXIDES , PALLADIUM ALLOYS , PERCHLORIC ACID , PLATINUM , PLATINUM ALLOYS , PRODUCTION , REACTION KINETICS , SEMICONDUCTORS , VOLTAGE


Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE