Accession Number : AD0437338
Title : EVALUATION OF LIGHTED CROSSBARS AND LIGHTED RUNWAY DISTANCE MARKERS
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : NATIONAL AVIATION FACILITIES EXPERIMENTAL CENTER ATLANTIC CITY NJ
Personal Author(s) : Meehan, F J
Report Date : Feb 1964
Pagination or Media Count : 46
Abstract : Lighted crossbars extending accross the width of the runway spaced at 1000-foot intervals, and internally lighted frangible distance markers adjacent to the runway also spaced at 1000-foot intervals, were evaluated to determine a suitable system for providing runway distance-to-go information during takeoff and landing operations. Painted numerals, of the type developed and used in the United Kingdom, were also appraised. Flight testing was conducted in unlimited and restricted visibility conditions. Portions of the restricted visibility conditions were simulated using the Cockpit Fog Simulator and fixed density sheets of Mylar film to obtain a runway visual range (RVR) of approximately 1500 feet. It was determined that crossbars alone did not provide adequate distance- to-go information. Distance markers were not as effective as painted numerals under the lower visibility conditions. Crossbars when added to distance markers did not substantially improve the information obtained. High wind and engine blast effects caused marker damage. Numerals painted on the runway surface and located near the runway centerline were more effective than lighted runway- distance markers under the lower visibility conditions. It was recommended that the suitability of a combination of lighted runway-distance markers and numerals painted on the runway surface for providing distance-to-go information for civil aircraft operations be confirmed by an in-service test.
Descriptors : *MARKER LIGHTS , *RUNWAYS , LANDING AIDS , PAINTS , TAKEOFF , VISIBILITY
Subject Categories : Terminal Flight Facilities
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE