Accession Number : AD0436261


Title :   IMPROVEMENT OF PROTECTION DATA BASE FOR DAMAGE ASSESSMENT AND DATA BASE ON SHELTER NEEDS: AN EXAMINATION OF THE 'PV' DATA FROM THE NFSS. VOLUME III.


Descriptive Note : Final rept.,


Corporate Author : RESEARCH TRIANGLE INST DURHAM N C


Personal Author(s) : McMullan,Philip ; Campbell,Herbert ; Willis,Kenneth


Report Date : 04 Apr 1964


Pagination or Media Count : 43


Abstract : The purpose of the research reported is to examine the sensitivity of direct weapons effects fatality computations to the changes in structural protection indicated by the Physical Vulnerability (PV) data from the National Fallout Shelter Survey (NFSS). An analysis of three typical cities subjected to direct weapons effects shows that when available NFSS shelters are utilized rather than residential dwellings alone, predicted fatalities based on Dikewood Corporation fatality curves decrease by at most 10% of the city's population. This analysis holds the population distribution and weapon characteristics invariant while changing only the structural protection afforded shelterees. It is unlikely that the reduction would approach this percentage except for a few selected city-attack combinations. It is recommended that no PV modifications be made in existing damage assessment routines for national assessments, even though only residential dwelling protection is assumed, until a further study of direct effects casualties in basements and core areas of NFSS structures is completed by the Dikewood Corporation. (Author)


Descriptors :   *SHELTERS , VULNERABILITY , TABLES(DATA) , NUCLEAR WARFARE CASUALTIES , STRUCTURES , CIVIL DEFENSE , NUCLEAR EXPLOSION DAMAGE , MATHEMATICAL MODELS , MATHEMATICAL PREDICTION , SURVIVAL(PERSONNEL) , CASUALTIES , MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE