Accession Number : AD0431209


Title :   TECHNICS FOR MEASUREMENT OF INTRAPLEURAL AND PERICARDIAL PRESSURES IN DOGS STUDIED WITHOUT THORACOTOMY AND METHODS FOR THEIR APPLICATION TO STUDY OF INTRATHORACIC PRESSURE RELATIONSHIPS DURING EXPOSURE TO FORWARD ACCELERATION (+GX),


Corporate Author : MAYO CLINIC ROCHESTER MN


Personal Author(s) : Wood, E H ; Nolan, A C ; Donald, D E ; Edmundowicz, A C ; Marshall, H W


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/431209.pdf


Report Date : Dec 1963


Pagination or Media Count : 19


Abstract : Pleural pressures were recorded simultaneously from the ventral and dorsal regions of the thorax using fluid-filled catheters inserted through the chest wall via No. 16 needles using an airtight technic. Pressures were referenced to the catheter tip levels determined by A-P and lateral roentgenograms taken prior to and after a series of 1 to 3 minute exposures of 8 anesthetized dogs to accelerations of 2, 4 and 6GX (supine horizontal and 15 degrees head-up and head-down positions). The negativity of intrapleural pressure in the ventral thorax was uniformly increased during exposures while intrapleural pressure in the dorsal thorax became positive. These changes are believed to result from the increase in weight of the lungs and other intrathoracic elements during acceleration and would be compatible with an average specific gravity of the thoracic contents of about 0.5 since the increase in gradient between the dorsal and ventral recording sites averaged about 0.5 cm. H2O per cm. of vertical distance between the sites per G to which the animal was exposed.


Descriptors :   *ACCELERATION TOLERANCE , ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE , BLOOD CIRCULATION , DOGS , HEART , LUNG , MEASUREMENT , OXYGEN CONSUMPTION , PHYSIOLOGY , POSTURE(PHYSIOLOGY) , PRESSURE , RECORDING SYSTEMS , RESPIRATION , THORAX


Subject Categories : Stress Physiology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE