Accession Number : AD0266403


Title :   ABSOLUTE IDENTIFICATION OF COLOR FOR TARGETS PRESENTED AGAINST WHITE AND COLORED BACKGROUNDS


Corporate Author : TUFTS UNIV MEDFORD MASS INST FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH


Personal Author(s) : BISHOP,HAROLD P ; CROOK,MASON N


Report Date : Mar 1961


Pagination or Media Count : 1


Abstract : The number of stimulus colors which can be absolutely identified by normal subjects when viewed against various colored backgrounds was investigated. Addi iv ixtures of light passed through narrow-band and Illuminant-C FILTERS WERE PRO CTED ONTO A VIEWING SCREEN BY A DEVICE WHICH PERMITTED INDEPENDENT CONTROL OF TARGET AND BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS. The stimulus parameters of hue, luminance, purity, target size, and target shape were varied, and the effects of such factors as training and the presence of a distracting task were studied. With target luminance above background luminance, about nine hues plus white, three luminance levels, and two purity levels, are estimated to be useful for operational coding, if no more than about 30 of the possible combinations are included in the set. Under optimal working conditions and with protracted training, the maximum size of an identifiable set is estimated to be about 60. Reduction of target luminance below the luminance of a colored background was found to make identification very difficult. No significant effect of target shape was found. (Author)


Descriptors :   *COLORS , *IDENTIFICATION , *VISION , TARGETS


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE