Accession Number : AD0098766


Title :   Luminous and Spectral Reflectance as Well as Colors of Natural Objects (Albedo and Color of Terrain Features)


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH CENTER BEDFORD MA GEOPHYSICS RESEARCH DIV


Personal Author(s) : Penncorf, Rudolf


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/098766.pdf


Report Date : Feb 1956


Pagination or Media Count : 27


Abstract : The spectral reflectance of natural objects is taken from Krinov's measurements. Based on these data, the luminous reflectance (albedo) and the color parameters are computed for these objects. The results are compared with other published data. It is shown that most natural objects possess a dominant wavelength between 5700A and 5900A, i.e. in the greenish yellow part of the spectrum. Even for vegetative formations, as seen from a distance, the dominant wavelength is also in the greenish yellow spectral range, which is a surprising fact because one would expect a dominant green. This color is, however, a mixture of brown and green. The excitation purity of bare areas and soils is low (15-30%), but it is higher for vegetative formations (25-50%). Vertical formations such as forests, seen from directly above, reflect only a very small amount (2-3%) of the light which falls upon them from the sun and sky, but as seen from the ground their reflectance is much higher (about 8%).


Descriptors :   *ALBEDO , COLORS , EARTH SURFACE , GREEN(COLOR) , LUMINOSITY , REFLECTANCE , REFLECTION , SOILS , TERRAIN , VEGETATION , YELLOW(COLOR)


Subject Categories : Optics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE