Accession Number : AD0000346
Title : Operational Requirements for an Infantry Hand Weapon
Descriptive Note : Technical memo.
Corporate Author : RESEARCH ANALYSIS CORP MCLEAN VA
Personal Author(s) : Hitchman, Norman A ; Forbush, Scott E ; Blakemore, Jr, George J
Report Date : 19 Jun 1952
Pagination or Media Count : 124
Abstract : The capabilities of the infantry rifle were explored. Data wer e obtained on the frequency and distance by which riflemen missed targets, and the distribution of hits at different ranges; the ranges of engagement in battle; and the physiological wound effects of shots with differing ballistic characteristics. A study of the data led to the following conclusions: (1) Hit effectiveness with the M-1 rifle is satisfactory only up to 100 yds. and declines rapidly to low order at 300 yds., the general limit for battlefield rifle engagements; (2) a pattern-dispersion principle in the hand weapon would tend to compensate for human aiming errors and increase hits at ranges up to 300 yds.; and (3) missiles with smaller caliber than standard could be used without loss in wounding effects and with logistical advantage; and (4) hit lethality could be greatly increased by using toxic missiles.
Descriptors : *WEAPONS , AIMING , BALLISTICS , BATTLEFIELDS , ERRORS , GUIDED MISSILES , HANDS , INFANTRY , MILITARY PERSONNEL , PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS , RIFLES , TACTICAL WARFARE , TOXICITY , WOUNDS AND INJURIES
Subject Categories : Guns
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE